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The Bio Shield
Why you should know about Electromagnetic Frequencies (EMF's)


THE PROBLEM

 

There is a company on the Internet which specialized in compiling information, particularly research studies that relate to exposure to EMF, electromagnetic frequencies, which emanate from many objects in our environment, be it power substations to hairdryers, or even the tiny batteries in watches. Obviously the intensity and frequency of the emanations vary, as do the responses. Some studies have been done which have been directly or indirectly paid for by "interested parties", power companies or governmental agencies. Many of these studies find no significant risks to EMF exposure. However, studies all over the world indicate that EMF is not benign, and in this paper we are listing a small fraction of the research we have found. We know that more than 20,000 studies exist on the topic, so whatever you read here is simply a microcosm of what has been revealed in this area.

On April 22, 1995, the Council of the American Physical Society (APS) issued a statement, aired on all major radio and TV stations, that claimed "there is no scientific basis for linking power-frequency magnetic field exposure to increased cancer incidence, and we would be much better off directing the funds now spent on EMF mitigation to other, more valid, environmental problems." Yet, the above group which compiles EMF research then investigate what research this society used to come to their conclusions. It found that the studies used were based on secondary views, that is, epidemiological studies and that their review showed "no understanding of the limits of epidemiologic research, especially where the exposure parameters are unclear". Further, they dismissed studies in which there was a clear relationship between magnetic fields and tumor promotion. The question then is, why is a prestigious group like APS issuing statements that would deeply affect their credibility if their grounding for their assessments were critically examined by any intelligent person, and certainly by any other peer?

Instead we offer you a small distillation of recent international research Related to Exposure to Electromagnetic Radiation-All abstracts were obtained from EMF-Link@infoventures.com, a Company which compiles EMF research worldwide.  You can also take a look at what the press is saying in EMF in the news.

EMF Exposure and Cancer -adult men and women

Sewing Machines and Cancer-Two studies (one from Finland, one from Los Angeles) have come to the same conclusion: those exposed to electrical machines, such as sewing machines that produce EMF's are 3x as likely to develop Alzheimer's & Disease. Also the cancer risk was found to be 1.5 to 1.8 times as high for this same group.

Elevated Prostate Cancer and Leukemia Incidence Seen in Airline Pilots- Canadian researcher found incidents of prostate cancer and acute myeloid leukemia significantly increased among airline pilots. This is associated with in-flight ionizing radiation exposures including ionizing radiation, benzene and electromagnetic fields (EMF's)."

Cancer Rates Among English Electrical Workers- Compared to the normal population, there was an increase in malignant brain tumors for women, and all leukemia's and tumors for men.

Occupational Risk Factors for Prostate Cancer- Occupations of patients with pathologically confirmed prostate cancer were interviewed. Increased risk for prostate cancer was associated with employment as aircraft fabricator, railway transport worker, metal product fabricator, structural metal erector, electrical power worker, and water transport worker. *All these occupations use equipment which is electrically run, and is producing EMF's, many of which are being held right in front of the abdominal area for use.

Cancer Morbidity in Occupationally Exposed Military Personnel- Rates of cancer incidence in Polish military personnel exposed to radiofrequency (RF)/microwave radiation were increased over rates for non-exposed personnel. From 1980-85 new electronic equipment was introduced. There was a doubled incidence of all cancers, a tripling of cancers of the alimentary tract, 6-fold increase in blood and lymphatic cancers in 20-59 year old personnel.

Adverse Health Effect from Radiofrequency Radiation Exposure- A Summary of past research: Among health effects found were: blood abnormalities, genetic (chromosomal) abnormalities, leukemia, cancers of female reproductive system in US Embassy females exposed to RF in Moscow, decreased white and red blood cells (needed for your immune system) among radar- exposed technicians at Zagreb airport, lymphatic and hematopoietic cancers among US Navy personnel, cluster of leukemia among Hawaiian children living near a Navel broadcast facility.

Male Breast Cancer- seen in men who work in electrical industry. Findings reported by the National Cancer Institute, 1994.

EMF Exposure and Other Health Hazards - adult men and women

Occupational Exposure to EMF: A review of the literature in this field reveals that workers in electrical occupations face a higher risk of cancer.

Swedish Railway Workers have a higher rate of leukemia than the general population. Researchers sited exposure to EMF as the cause.

Power Lines and Animals- Dairy farmers have known for years not to pasture herds under electrical lines, otherwise they have more stillborn, and stunted calves and lower milk production.

EMF and Lead - Effects on Worker's health- A recent study examined the health of workers in the electronic industry who are exposed to EMF and lead (because of soldering). They concluded that the combination of these two conditions did affect the worker's health even though each exposure was within government safety limits.

EMF and Lead Exposure- Effects on Worker's health- A recent study examined the health of workers in the electronic industry who are exposed to EMF and lead (because of soldering). They concluded that the combination of these two conditions did affect the worker's health even though each exposure was within government safety limits.

Psychophysical Functioning of Children Living near a Radio Location Station- In Latvia, 609 children living within a 20-km radius of a RF producing Radio Location Station were found to have reduced motor reactions, memory and attention skills in comparison with children who lived father away than this from the station.

RadioFrequency Exposure and Blood Health- Author reanalyzed blood health of operators of radar and high frequency radios during WWII and found an elevated white blood cell count (elevated white blood cell counts are seen in cancer, AIDS etc.).

Adverse Health Effect from Radiofrequency Radiation Exposure- A Summary of past research: Among health effects found were: blood abnormalities, genetic (chromosomal) abnormalities, leukemia, cancers of female reproductive system in US Embassy females exposed to RF in Moscow, decreased white and red blood cell (needed for your immune system among radar- exposed technicians at Zagreb airport, lymphatic and hematopoietic cancers among US Navy personnel, cluster of leukemia among Hawaiian children living near a Navel broadcast facility.

Male Breast Cancer- seen in men who work in electrical industry. Findings reported by the National Cancer Institute, 1994.

Leukemia and Occupation- 1982 Study published in New England Journal of Medicine, Dr. Samuel Milham, Jr. found leukemia deaths elevated in 10 out of 11 occupations involving exposure to EMF. Study included 438,000 patients.

Leukemia and Occupation- Study Replication by another Doctor- Dr. Savitz set our to disprove the above study, and instead his studies were nearly identical with Dr. Milham's.

Health Hazards Associated with EMF and Women

Breast Cancer Risk in Women: Occupational Exposure to 60-HertzMagnetic Fields-147 reports from 115 independent studies- Summary was that associations with breast cancer were found- strongest for women who worked in offices and in the telephone industry. For example, women electrical engineers have a 73% greater risk of dying from breast cancer.

Breast Cancer- Science News reported that risk is elevated by 43% for woman who work in high exposure fields Also, one study in which they found no significant increase in cancer rates among computer users was faulted because it didn't do any direct measurements of EMF exposure, rather, they just asked the women what they did for work. "Different offices can have varying degrees of exposure", stated Harvard School of Public Health Epidemiologist, Dr. Trichopoulos. For this reason their findings were suspect.

Decreased Melantonin and Breast Cancer- Researchers at the Pacific NW Lab in Richland, Washington, found that reduced concentrations of melatonin can spur breast cancer. Science Journal reported exposure to EMF reduces the pineal glands nighttime secretion of melatonin.

Miscarriages and Computers- Kaiser Permanente study determined that women who worked more than 20 hours a week with VDU's miscarried at a rate 80% higher than women who did the same work without VDU's.

VDU's and Fetuses- Animal studies in Sweden have found that EMF similar to that emitted by VDU's caused malformation in fetuses.

Miscarriages Among Female Physical Therapists Who Report using Radio and Microwave-Frequency Radiation- Johns Hopkins University researchers report that physical therapists who are exposed to microwave (but not short-wave) diathermy units while pregnant, have an increased risk of miscarriage.

Occupational Risks for Female Breast Cancer- The highest occupational risks jobs associated with female breast cancer were women employed as office workers, engineers, and technicians in the telephone industry, but that not enough studies have been done on other occupations to have this be a complete list.

Occupation and Pregnancy Outcome- Low birth weight was associated with woman who operated electrical equipment as their occupation

Prenatal Depression- Women who lived within 100 meters of power lines at 132kV and above experience a statistically higher incident of prenatal depression. Study was done in England using 11,292 women.

EMF and Sex-Distribution of Offspring- Children born near a high voltage power station in Baghdad were 87% girls, and 13% boys. Author suggests high female percentages might also be related to the same percentages seen in offspring of lymphoma patients. Speculations are that EMF exposure interferes with calcium and this in turn affects the Y- bearing sperm (male) more than the x-bearing sperm motility.

EMF Exposure and Children

Association Between Childhood Cancer and Magnetic Fields from Ground Current Sources- University of North Carolina researchers concluded the risk of cancer is increased among persons with increased magnetic field exposures from residential ground currents (the currents flow through plumbing lines into the home from grounding conductors off power poles)

Psychophysical Functioning of Children Living near a Radio Location Station- In Latvia, 609 children living within a 20-km radius of a RF producing Radio Location Station were found to have reduced motor reactions, memory and attention skills in comparison with children who lived father away than this from the station.

Childhood Leukemia and EMF Exposure- Excess risk of leukemia found for children who lived in homes close by to heavy duty distribution lines. Done by Dr. Nancy Wertheimer in Denver.

EMF Exposure Due to Occupation or Location

Occupational Exposure to EMF: A review of the literature in this field reveals that workers in electrical occupations face a higher risk of cancer.

Swedish Railway Workers have a higher rate of leukemia than the general population. Researchers sited exposure to EMF as the cause.

Power Lines and Animals- Dairy farmers have known for years not to pasture herds under electrical lines, otherwise they have more stillborn, and stunted calves and lower milk production.

EMF and Lead - Effects on Worker's health- A recent study examined the health of workers in the electronic industry who are exposed to EMF and lead (because of soldering). They concluded that the combination of these two conditions did affect the worker's health even though each exposure was within government safety limits.

EMF and Lead Exposure- Effects on Worker's health- A recent study examined the health of workers in the electronic industry who are exposed to EMF and lead (because of soldering). They concluded that the combination of these two conditions did affect the worker's health even though each exposure was within government safety limits.

Psychophysical Functioning of Children Living near a Radio Location Station- In Latvia, 609 children living within a 20-km radius of a RF producing Radio Location Station were found to have reduced motor reactions, memory and attention skills in comparison with children who lived father away than this from the station.

RadioFrequency Exposure and Blood Health- Author reanalyzed blood health of operators of radar and high frequency radios during WWII and found an elevated white blood cell count (elevated white blood cell counts are seen in cancer, AIDS etc.).

Adverse Health Effect from Radiofrequency Radiation Exposure- A Summary of past research: Among health effects found were: blood abnormalities, genetic (chromosomal) abnormalities, leukemia, cancers of female reproductive system in US Embassy females exposed to RF in Moscow, decreased white and red blood cell (needed for your immune system among radar- exposed technicians at Zagreb airport, lymphatic and hematopoietic cancers among US Navy personnel, cluster of leukemia among Hawaiian children living near a Navel broadcast facility.

Male Breast Cancer- seen in men who work in electrical industry. Findings reported by the National Cancer Institute, 1994.

Leukemia and Occupation- 1982 Study published in New England Journal of Medicine, Dr. Samuel Milham, Jr. found leukemia deaths elevated in 10 out of 11 occupations involving exposure to EMF. Study included 438,000 patients.

Leukemia and Occupation- Study Replication by another Doctor- Dr. Savitz set our to disprove the above study, and instead his studies were nearly identical with Dr. Milham's.

Cellular Phones and EMF

Mobile Phones and Pacemaker Dysfunction- 39 patients were tested. Potentially dangerous interference with the pacemaker was noted when the phones were operating (not on standby).

EMF Exposure and Distance Factor- U of Zurich researchers recommend maximizing distance of antenna and the user's head. And all means of keeping the telephone box and antennae as far away from the head as possible. (This does not negate the EMF from the phone itself.)

Computers and EMF

Computers and Body Reactions- National Institute of Occupational Health studied VDU operators. 91% sited skin complains, fatigue, headaches, sweating, heart palpitations, memory lapses, and depression, all triggered by sitting in front of a computer. Fluorescent lights, and other electrical devices were also sited as aggravating or triggering these symptoms.

VDU's and Health- In Sweden a group of 1300 workers has formed, their common concern being negatively affected by computers. These are people who are seriously affected by computers and have been officially listed as ill for long periods of time.

EMF and Symptoms- Patients attributed the following symptoms to VDU exposure: headaches, skin symptoms, dizziness, difficulties in concentrating, fatigue and pain.

VDU's and Miscarriages-In 1988- Kaiser Permanente in California tracked 1583 pregnancies and found that there was a 73% increase in miscarries in working women using VDT's as compared to other working women. The study also found an increase in birth defects, although the result was not statistically significant due to sample size.

VDU's and Chickens-In 1976, scientists at Loma Linda demonstrated that exposure to weak levels of EMF could slow outflow of calcium from chicken brains. Effects of this were studied by EPA and US Navy. They found a significant increase in the number of abnormal embryos who were exposed too magnetic fields similar to VDU magnetic fields. Abnormalities resulted in lower birth weights and birth defects.

Government Statements about EMF's

In 1990, an EPA draft report recommended that EMF's be considered a Class B carcinogen. This class included formaldehyde, DDT, dioxins, and PCB's. In a later watered down version, the reference to Class B was deleted, with an explanation that said the basic interaction between EM fields and biological interactions leading to cancer are not understood. Yet, in the same report, they suggest there is a causal link between leukemia, lymphoma and cancer in children with exposure to magnetic fields from residential 60hertz distribution systems! One must wonder how these two contrasting statements coexist in the same report.

In 1989, the Electric Power Research Institute praised the methodology of a power line study which linked leukemia, prostate and other cancers in young men with chronic exposure to magnetic fields.

In November, 1989, the Department of Energy reported that "It has now become generally accepted that there are indeed. Biological effects due to (magnetic) field exposure."

VDU's and Chickens-In 1976, scientists at Loma Linda demonstrated that exposure to weak levels of EMF could slow outflow of calcium from chicken brains. Effects of this were studied by EPA and US Navy. They found a significant increase in the number of abnormal embryos who were exposed too magnetic fields similar to VDU magnetic fields. Abnormalities resulted in lower birth weights and birth defects.

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THE SOLUTION

 

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